Back in 2012, British banking giant HSBC agreed to pay a record $1.92 billion settlement after a broad investigation by U.S. federal and state authorities found it to have violated federal laws by laundering money from Mexican drug trafficking and processing banned transactions on behalf of Iran, Libya, Sudan, and Burma. This settlement, a combination of forfeitures and civil penalties, illustrated that the London-based financial powerhouse allegedly deliberately channeled hundreds of millions of dollars of prohibited transactions through its U.S. operations for a number of years.
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